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Everything you need to know about male and female infertility

Updated: May 8

Infertility affects 1 in 6 people of reproductive age worldwide.

Infertility is a super overwhelming and emotionally challenging topic for most people who go through it. When a couple is trying to conceive and faces difficulties in doing so, many questions and concerns can arise.

In this article, we are going to explore everything you need to know about male and female infertility.

couple suffering from a negative pregnancy test and infertility

What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. This means that, despite having regular sexual relations and without using contraception, a couple cannot get pregnant.

There are 2 types:

  • Primary infertility: refers to couples who have never managed to conceive a child.

  • Secondary infertility: occurs when a couple who has previously conceived now has difficulty conceiving another child.

Diagnosing infertility

It involves the evaluation of both the man and the woman, because let us remember that fertility only exists when there is an egg and a sperm, that is, the responsibility is 50% and 50%.

  • Men: semen tests to evaluate the quantity, quality and mobility of sperm.

  • Women: blood tests to evaluate hormone levels, ultrasounds to evaluate reproductive health, and fertility tests to check ovulation.

Which can be the causes?

About one-third of infertility is attributed to the female partner, one-third is attributed to the male partner, and one-third is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or is unexplained, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Most common cause:

  • Men: low sperm quality, erection or ejaculation problems, and genetic disorders.

  • Women: ovulatory disorders, endometriosis and/or adenomyosis, hormonal imbalances, blockages in the fallopian tubes, and uterine problems.

Risk factor's

There are several factors that can increase the risk of infertility such as advanced age, smoking, alcohol consumption, being overweight or obese, and certain chronic diseases such as diabetes or hypertension.


Infertility treatment may vary depending on the cause and the specific situation of each couple but may include:

  • Use of the Symptothermal Method: it is an option with a natural and very loving approach. This method involves tracking several biological signs, such as basal body temperature and the consistency of cervical mucus, to determine a woman's fertile days. If used correctly, the Symptothermal Method can help a couple identify the optimal times to conceive or avoid pregnancy and avoid other types of more expensive or painful treatments. It is recommended to learn it with a certified instructor.

  • Medications to stimulate ovulation or improve sperm quality.

  • Medical procedures such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization. It is important to speak with a fertility doctor to determine the best treatment plan for each situation.

Are you interested in learning the Symptothermal Method?

Woman getting injections for fertility treatment

Do you also get caught up in all the Fertility acronyms? Don't worry, I'll explain it to you:

  • IVF: In Vitro Fertilization (IVF in English)

  • ICSI: Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

  • IUI: Intrauterine Insemination

  • ART: Assisted Reproduction Technology

*These acronyms are commonly used in the field of reproductive medicine and can help describe different treatment options for infertility.

The last week of April each year marks National Infertility Awareness Week in the United States (#NIAW). During this week, events and activities are held to educate the public about infertility and support individuals and couples who are dealing with this condition.

More information and resources

In conclusion…

Infertility can be a difficult challenge to face, but you are not alone. With the right support and medical guidance, many couples can overcome infertility and achieve their desire to have a child. Whether you are considering treatment options like IVF or prefer a more natural approach like the Symptothermal Method , there are resources and options available to help you on your journey to parenthood. Don't hesitate to seek support and advice if you are dealing with infertility; There is hope and help available to you.

I recommend you start by knowing your menstrual cycle in depth and eliminate possible causes starting by improving the simplest habits.


This blog provides general information and discussions on health and related topics. The information shared on this website or in any linked material should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. In case of medical concern, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

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